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When can India become the next superpower in chip manufacturing?

When can India become the next superpower in chip manufacturing? – All You Need to Know

Following the 2021 semiconductor shortage, India is strategically positioning itself as a microchip design and development player. To address supply chain challenges India is tapping into its pool of English-speaking engineering talent, which gives it an advantage that could reshape the semiconductor landscape.

Chip Manufacturing

India on the path of becoming the Next Superpower in Chip Manufacturing

Sarah E. Kreps, the John L. Wetherill Professor of Government and director of the Tech Policy Institute at Cornell University sees this as an opportunity for India to leverage its English-speaking engineering talent. By doing India aims to offer an alternative to semiconductor hubs in Asia and reduce reliance on a few key chip-making nations. This would ensure resilience in dealing with supply chain disruptions.

Traditionally China, South Korea, and Taiwan have dominated the microchip industry—the components powering devices. However recent geopolitical uncertainties have prompted countries to explore alternatives and strengthen their chip manufacturing capabilities. In August President Biden’s administration signed the CHIPS and Science Act that injects $52.7 billion into this sector. Nevertheless establishing manufacturing in developed nations can be quite expensive. Hence why India has become an option with the potential, for reliable semiconductor production.

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image 835 When can India become the next superpower in chip manufacturing?

India possesses qualities that make it a promising choice, for semiconductor production. These include its size, non-aligned political stance, and a flourishing technology sector projected to grow by 8.4 percent reaching $245 billion. To capitalize on this potential, India has implemented strategic measures, including a $10 billion incentive plan approved in December 2021 to attract both domestic and international semiconductor manufacturers. The plan involves the government returning 50 percent of upfront capital as a rebate.

On January 31, 2022, US President Joe Biden and Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi unveiled the United States-India initiative on Critical and Emerging Technologies, further strengthening collaborative efforts in the semiconductor sector. These initiatives have garnered significant investment commitments from major chip consortia and manufacturers.

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Despite the positive momentum, challenges remain. India faces infrastructure issues that could impede manufacturing processes, particularly in terms of uninterrupted electricity and access to ultra-pure water. Overcoming these obstacles is essential for India to fully unleash its potential as a force, in semiconductor manufacturing.

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India’s path towards becoming a leader in chip manufacturing has been bolstered by initiatives from the government. The “Make in India” and “National Policy on Electronics” campaigns have played roles in promoting production, including the creation of semiconductor fabrication facilities.

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The establishment of these facilities, commonly known as fabs is a priority. Fabs are vital for producing circuits and microprocessors, which serve as the building blocks for electronic devices. Collaborations with semiconductor giants and financial incentives aim to attract investments into these cutting-edge facilities.

Investments in research and development (R&D) play a role for any country aspiring to achieve superpower status in chip manufacturing. India has been allocating resources to support research in semiconductor technology. The focus lies on nurturing a workforce and fostering innovation to keep up with advancements.

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While India is making progress there are challenges that need attention. The semiconductor industry requires capital investments. Ensuring a consistent supply chain, for raw materials is of utmost importance.

Furthermore, the continuous challenges, in chip manufacturing arise from the competition with established companies and the rapid evolution of standards. The timeline for India to achieve superpower status in chip manufacturing depends on factors, such as investments, effective implementation of government policies, and the ability to adapt to global market dynamics. As India strengthens its semiconductor ecosystem experts in the industry cautiously hold a view regarding its potential to become a player, in the global chip manufacturing landscape.


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