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Intel shows the combination of a general-purpose x86 processor with its Highly Parallel processing Xe-HPC GPUs in its Falcon Shores Supercomputer

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On Thursday, Intel introduced one of its following big supercomputing platforms: the Falcon Shores design, which will combine general-purpose x86 processor cores with highly parallel processing Xe-HPC GPU cores into a single socket, together with Intel-developed shared high-bandwidth memory. In 2024, the product is scheduled to be available.

By combining x86 CPU and Xe-HPC GPU resources in the same socket and switching to a unified memory architecture, Intel will be able to increase per socket compute density by over five times compared to current platforms (due to new architectures, more refined process technologies, and the addition of GPU cores), boost memory capacity and bandwidth by more than five times compared to existing designs, and increase performance per watt by more than five times compared to current methods.

Intel

“We are working on a brand-new architecture codenamed Falcon Shores, [which] will bring x86 and Xe GPU acceleration together into a Xeon socket, taking advantage of next-generation packaging, memory and IO technologies, giving huge performance and efficiency improvements for systems computing large data sets and training gigantic AI models,” said Raja Koduri, the head of Intel’s Accelerated Computing Systems and Graphics Group just hours before the company’s Investor Meeting 2022 kicks off.

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The Falcon Shores is dubbed an XPU by Intel to underline that it contains CPUs and GPUs. Falcon Shores will make considerable use of Intel’s multi-chipset/modular processor design strategy and will have a variable ratio of x86 and Xe-HPC cores, depending on the target application. The CPU and GPU tiles are reported to be built using an ‘Angstrom Era Process,’ which could be Intel 20A or Intel 18A, and then coupled utilising Intel’s sophisticated packaging technologies, which will be the Falcon Shores’ significant enablers. The CPU and GPU will employ unified high-bandwidth memory to boost efficiency and substantially simplify compute GPU programming. Intel also alluded to a brand-new type of memory that it is developing but did not expand.

Intel

“Falcon Shores is built on top of an impressive array of technologies, including an angstrom era process technology, next-generation packaging, new extreme bandwidth shared memory being developed by Intel and industry-leading I/O,” said Koduri. “We have super excited about this architecture as it brings acceleration to a much broader range of workloads than the current discrete solutions.”

Modern supercomputers handle tasks that require excellent single-thread performance on general-purpose CPUs and highly parallel workloads on computing GPU accelerators. For the time being, this architecture has proven to be balanced in terms of performance, power, and cost. Still, tighter CPU and GPU resources integration will allow for even higher performance and make accelerated computing available to a broader range of workloads.

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Falcon Shores will be a huge step forward for Intel in achieving its aim of creating ZettaFLOPS-class supercomputers by 2027. Intel says it will need new processing architectures (i.e., improvements to the x86 and Xe architectures), new process technologies and advanced packaging methods, faster memory and I/O interfaces (unified extreme bandwidth memory and advanced interconnections/packaging appear to address this), and new system architectures to increase supercomputer performance by 1000 times in five years. According to the business, Falcon Ridge brings together all of the pillars required for ZettaFLOPS-class supercomputers.

“Beginning with the technology foundation we have today, you need significant revolutionary gains in architecture, in power efficiency and thermal management, in-process and packaging technology and memory and IO capacity and bandwidth,” said Koduri. “We have our advanced technology teams already on their way with inventions to pave the path to Zetta-Scale.”

Also Read:

Linux kernels will continue to Support Intel 13th Gen Raptor Lake CPUs

Proton 7.0 Support arrives for Valve’ Steam Deck

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Nivedita Bangari
Nivedita Bangari
I am a software engineer by profession and technology is my love, learning and playing with new technologies is my passion.

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